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Brain Res Bull. 2010 Sep 30;83(3-4):140-6. doi: 10.1016/j.brainresbull.2010.04.007. Epub 2010 Apr 28.

Disturbed synaptic connectivity in schizophrenia: convergence of genetic risk factors during neurodevelopment.

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  • 1Department of Psychiatry and Behavioral Sciences, Johns Hopkins University School of Medicine, Baltimore, MD 21287, United States.


The pathological mechanisms underlying schizophrenia are unclear. Although genetic susceptibility factors for schizophrenia likely influence neurodevelopmental processes, the onset of the disease is in adolescence and young adulthood. Here we review recent literatures implicating neurodevelopmental deficits in schizophrenia and discuss how genetic factors are involved in the processes toward onset of the disease. We emphasize the importance of postnatal glutamate synapse development in the pathology of the disorder. These genetic risk factors contribute to the process possibly in a synergistic manner. The notion of signal pathways involving more than one genetic factor is in accord with the multifactorial nature of schizophrenia.

Copyright 2010. Published by Elsevier Inc.

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