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J Occup Environ Med. 2010 May;52(5):561-5. doi: 10.1097/JOM.0b013e3181dd086b.

Is job-related stress the link between cardiovascular disease and the law enforcement profession?

Author information

  • 1Department of Kinesiology, Institute for Social and Behavioral Research, Iowa State University, Ames, Iowa, USA. wfranke@iastate.edu

Abstract

OBJECTIVE:

To determine whether job-related stress is associated with alterations in pro- and anti-atherogenic inflammatory mediators among law enforcement officers.

METHODS:

Markers of vascular inflammation and the self-reported stress measures of perceived stress, vital exhaustion, job strain, effort-reward imbalance, and social support were compared between officers (N = 444) and non-officers (N = 166).

RESULTS:

Officers had higher levels of IL-1beta, IL-6, IL-10, and TNF-alpha and lower levels of C-reactive protein and fibrinogen. No more than 4% of the variability in any of the inflammatory mediators was explained by any stress measure for either the two groups or the entire sample.

CONCLUSIONS:

Law enforcement officers may be at an increased risk for cardiovascular disease due to a relatively greater pro-inflammatory vascular environment. However, this increased risk cannot be attributed to either chronic stress or the work-related stress measures assessed here.

PMID:
20431405
[PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE]
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