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Trends Plant Sci. 2010 Jun;15(6):353-60. doi: 10.1016/j.tplants.2010.04.002. Epub 2010 Apr 26.

An introduction to the mechanics of morphogenesis for plant biologists.

Author information

  • Laboratoire de Reproduction et Développement des Plantes, INRA, CNRS, ENS, Université de Lyon, 46 Allée d'Italie, 69364 Lyon Cedex 07, France. Arezki.Boudaoud@ens-lyon.fr <Arezki.Boudaoud@ens-lyon.fr>


Plants are under tremendous mechanical forces generated by turgor pressure. How do these forces mediate growth and development? In order to answer this question, it is necessary to understand the mechanics of growth and morphogenesis. In this 'mathless' tutorial, the concepts of strain, mechanical stress and buckling are reviewed and illustrated with recent work on leaf shape, on leaf vasculature, and on organogenesis at the shoot apical meristem.

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