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Mol Cancer. 2010 Apr 28;9:91. doi: 10.1186/1476-4598-9-91.

5-ALA mediated photodynamic therapy induces autophagic cell death via AMP-activated protein kinase.

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  • 1Department of Biochemical Science and Technology, National Taiwan University, Taipei 106, Taiwan. r92450015@ntu.edu.tw

Abstract

Photodynamic therapy (PDT) has been developed as an anticancer treatment, which is based on the tumor-specific accumulation of a photosensitizer that induces cell death after irradiation of light with a specific wavelength. Depending on the subcellular localization of the photosensitizer, PDT could trigger various signal transduction cascades and induce cell death such as apoptosis, autophagy, and necrosis. In this study, we report that both AMP-activated protein kinase (AMPK) and mitogen-activated protein kinase (MAPK) signaling cascades are activated following 5-aminolevulinic acid (ALA)-mediated PDT in both PC12 and CL1-0 cells. Although the activities of caspase-9 and -3 are elevated, the caspase inhibitor zVAD-fmk did not protect cells against ALA-PDT-induced cell death. Instead, autophagic cell death was found in PC12 and CL1-0 cells treated with ALA-PDT. Most importantly, we report here for the first time that it is the activation of AMPK, but not MAPKs that plays a crucial role in mediating autophagic cell death induced by ALA-PDT. This novel observation indicates that the AMPK pathway play an important role in ALA-PDT-induced autophagy.

PMID:
20426806
[PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE]
PMCID:
PMC2873441
Free PMC Article
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