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Child Maltreat. 2010 May;15(2):111-20.

Long-term consequences of child abuse and neglect on adult economic well-being.

Author information

  • 1Department of Economics, Columbia University, John Jay College, City University of New York, NY 10027, USA. jc2663@columbia.edu

Abstract

Child abuse and neglect represent major threats to child health and well-being; however, little is known about consequences for adult economic outcomes. Using a prospective cohort design, court substantiated cases of childhood physical and sexual abuse and neglect during 1967-1971 were matched with nonabused and nonneglected children and followed into adulthood (mean age 41). Outcome measures of economic status and productivity were assessed in 2003-2004 (N 1/4 807). Results indicate that adults with documented histories of childhood abuse and/or neglect have lower levels of education, employment, earnings, and fewer assets as adults, compared to matched control children. There is a 14% gap between individuals with histories of abuse/neglect and controls in the probability of employment in middle age, controlling for background characteristics. Maltreatment appears to affect men and women differently, with larger effects for women than men. These new findings demonstrate that abused and neglected children experience large and enduring economic consequences.

PMID:
20425881
[PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE]
PMCID:
PMC3571659
Free PMC Article
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