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Cancer Biother Radiopharm. 2010 Apr;25(2):125-42. doi: 10.1089/cbr.2010.0759.

Pretargeted radioimmunotherapy for hematologic and other malignancies.

Author information

  • 1Clinical Research Division, Fred Hutchinson Cancer Research Center, Seattle, WA 98109-1024, USA. rwalter@fhcrc.org

Abstract

Radioimmunotherapy (RIT) has emerged as one of the most promising treatment options, particularly for hematologic malignancies. However, this approach has generally been limited by a suboptimal therapeutic index (target-to-nontarget ratio) and an inability to deliver sufficient radiation doses to tumors selectively. Pretargeted RIT (PRIT) circumvents these limitations by separating the targeting vehicle from the subsequently administered therapeutic radioisotope, which binds to the tumor-localized antibody or is quickly excreted if unbound. A growing number of preclinical proof-of-principle studies demonstrate that PRIT is feasible and safe and provides improved directed radionuclide delivery to malignant cells compared with conventional RIT while sparing normal cells from nonspecific radiotoxicity. Early phase clinical studies corroborate these preclinical findings and suggest better efficacy and lesser toxicities in patients with hematologic and other malignancies. With continued research, PRIT-based treatment strategies promise to become cornerstones to improved outcomes for cancer patients despite their complexities.

PMID:
20423225
[PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE]
PMCID:
PMC2936263
Free PMC Article

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