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Neurology. 2010 Apr 27;74(17):1351-7. doi: 10.1212/WNL.0b013e3181dad63e.

Multicenter external validation of the ABCD2 score in triaging TIA patients.

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  • 1Department of Neurology, Democritus University of Thrace, School of Medicine, Alexandroupolis, Greece. tsivgoulisgiorg@yahoo.gr

Abstract

OBJECTIVES:

A simple clinical score (ABCD(2) score) has been introduced to triage TIA patients with a high early risk of stroke. External validation studies have yielded inconsistent results regarding the predictive ability of the ABCD(2) score. We aimed to prospectively validate the former score in a multicenter case series study.

METHODS:

We prospectively calculated the ABCD(2) score (age [> or = 60 years: 1 point]; blood pressure [systolic >140 mm Hg or diastolic >90 mm Hg: 1[; clinical features [unilateral weakness: 2, speech disturbance without weakness: 1, other symptom: 0]; duration of symptoms [ <10 minutes: 0, 10-59 minutes: 1, > or = 60 minutes: 2]; diabetes mellitus [yes: 1]) in consecutive TIA patients hospitalized in 3 tertiary care neurology departments across 2 different racial populations (white and Asian).

RESULTS:

The 7-day and 90-day risks of stroke in the present case series (n = 148) were 8% (95% CI 4%-12%) and 16% (95% CI 10%-22%). The ABCD(2) score accurately discriminated between TIA patients with high 7-day (c statistic 0.72, 95% CI 0.57-0.88) and 90-day (c statistic 0.75, 95% CI 0.65-0.86) risks of stroke. The 90-day risk of stroke was 7-fold higher in patients with an ABCD(2) score >3 points (28%, 95% CI 18%-38%) than in patients with an ABCD(2) score < or = 3 points (4%, 95% CI 0%-9%). After adjustment for stroke risk factors, race, history of previous TIA, medication use before the index TIA and secondary prevention treatment strategies, an ABCD(2) score of >2 was associated with a nearly 5-fold greater 90-day risk of stroke (hazard ratio 4.65, 95% CI 1.04-20.84, p = 0.045).

CONCLUSION:

Our findings externally validate the usefulness of the ABCD(2) score in triaging TIA patients with a high risk of early stroke in a multiethnic sample of hospitalized patients. The present data support current guidelines endorsing the immediate hospitalization of patients with an ABCD(2) score >2.

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PMID:
20421579
[PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE]
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