Send to:

Choose Destination
See comment in PubMed Commons below
Neuroimage. 2010 Aug 15;52(2):445-54. doi: 10.1016/j.neuroimage.2010.04.237. Epub 2010 Apr 24.

Elevating intracranial pressure reverses the decrease in deoxygenated hemoglobin and abolishes the post-stimulus overshoot upon somatosensory activation in rats.

Author information

  • 1Department of Experimental Neurology and Center for Stroke Research, Charité - Universitätsmedizin Berlin, Charitéplatz 1, 10098 Berlin, Germany.


BOLD fMRI localizes activated brain areas by measuring decreases of deoxygenated hemoglobin (deoxy-Hb) caused by neurovascular coupling. To date, it is unclear whether intracranial pressure (ICP) modifies deoxy-Hb signaling for brain mapping. In addition, ICP elevation can test whether the BOLD post-stimulus undershoot, a transient hypo-oxygenation following functional activation, is due to vascular compliance rather than elevated cerebral metabolic rate of oxygen (CMRO(2)). We addressed these questions by studying the effect of ICP elevation on neurovascular coupling. In anesthetized rats, a cranial window was implanted over the somatosensory cortex. Using laser Doppler flowmetry and optical spectroscopy, changes in cerebral blood flow (CBF), cerebral blood volume (CBV) and deoxy-Hb were measured during electrical forepaw stimulation. Neuronal activity was monitored by somatosensory evoked potentials. ICP was elevated by subarachnoideal and intracisternal infusion of artificial cerebrospinal fluid. ICP elevation did not abrogate neurovascular coupling. However, the concomitant deoxy-Hb decrease was reduced (ICP=14mmHg) and reversed (ICP=28mmHg). Therefore, the validity of BOLD fMRI has to be questioned during increased ICP. Moreover, the amplitude of the deoxy-Hb post-stimulus overshoot was reduced with ICP elevation. CMRO(2) was not elevated during the post-stimulus response. Therefore, these data provide experimental evidence that the BOLD post-stimulus undershoot is a passive vascular phenomenon.

Copyright (c) 2010 Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved.

[PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE]
PubMed Commons home

PubMed Commons

How to join PubMed Commons

    Supplemental Content

    Full text links

    Icon for Elsevier Science
    Loading ...
    Write to the Help Desk