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J Ocul Pharmacol Ther. 2010 Apr;26(2):125-32. doi: 10.1089/jop.2009.0120.

A novel nitric oxide releasing prostaglandin analog, NCX 125, reduces intraocular pressure in rabbit, dog, and primate models of glaucoma.

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  • 1NicOx Research Institute, Bresso, Milan, Italy.

Abstract

PURPOSE:

Nitric oxide (NO) is involved in a variety of physiological processes including ocular aqueous humor dynamics by targeting mechanisms that are complementary to those of prostaglandins. Here, we have characterized a newly synthesized compound, NCX 125, comprising latanoprost acid and NO-donating moieties.

METHODS:

NCX 125 was synthesized and tested in vitro for its ability to release functionally active NO and then compared with core latanoprost for its intraocular pressure (IOP)-lowering effects in rabbit, dog, and nonhuman primate models of glaucoma.

RESULTS:

NCX 125 elicited cGMP formation (EC(50) = 3.8 + or - 1.0 microM) in PC12 cells and exerted NO-dependent iNOS inhibition (IC(50) = 55 + or - 11 microM) in RAW 264.7 macrophages. NCX 125 lowered IOP to a greater extent compared with equimolar latanoprost in: (a) rabbit model of transient ocular hypertension (0.030% latanoprost, not effective; 0.039% NCX 125, Delta(max) = -10.6 + or - 2.3 mm Hg), (b) ocular hypertensive glaucomatous dogs (0.030% latanoprost, Delta(max)= -6.7 + or - 1.2 mm Hg; 0.039% NCX 125, Delta(max) = -9.1 + or - 3.1 mm Hg), and (c) laser-induced ocular hypertensive non-human primates (0.10% latanoprost, Delta(max) = -11.9 + or - 3.7 mm Hg, 0.13% NCX 125, Delta(max) = -16.7 + or - 2.2 mm Hg). In pharmacokinetic studies, NCX 125 and latanoprost resulted in similar latanoprost-free acid exposure in anterior segment ocular tissues.

CONCLUSIONS:

NCX 125, a compound targeting 2 different mechanisms, is endowed with potent ocular hypotensive effects. This may lead to potential new perspectives in the treatment of patients at risk of glaucoma.

PMID:
20415621
[PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE]
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