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Allergol Int. 2010 Jun;59(2):213-22. doi: 10.2332/allergolint.09-OA-0155. Epub 2010 Apr 24.

Expression of the recombinant major allergen of Salsola kali pollen (Sal k 1) and comparison with its low-immunoglobulin E-binding mutant.

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  • 1Immunology Department, Faculty of Medicine, Ahvaz Jundishapur University of Medical Sciences, Mashhad, Iran.

Abstract

BACKGROUND:

The inhalation of Salsola kali pollen is an important cause of pollinosis during summer and early fall throughout desert and semi-desert areas. Sal k 1 has been previously reported as a major allergen of S. kali pollen. In this study, we produced the recombinant Sal k 1 and also its low IgE-binding mutant form. We further compared the IgE binding ability of these two recombinant molecules.

METHODS:

The recombinant Sal k 1 and its low IgE-binding variant, obtained by three amino acid exchanges (R(142)-->S, P(143)-->A, D(144)-->V), were cloned and expressed in E. coli, as proteins fused with thioredoxin and His-tags, and then purified by Ni2+ affinity chromatography. The IgE-binding capacity of the wild-type and mutated rSal k 1 was compared using immunoblotting, ELISA and inhibition assays by ten sera from S. kali allergic patients. Moreover, in vivo IgE-reactivity was investigated by the skin prick test.

RESULTS:

Both the recombinant and the mutated form of Sal k 1 were expressed in E. coli at a relatively high amount and soluble form. All sera recognized rSal k 1 via immunoassay analysis. In addition, inhibition assays demonstrated that the purified rSal k 1 was similar to its counterpart in the crude extract. The mutated rSal k 1 exhibited a reduced IgE-binding capacity against wild-type rSal k 1.

CONCLUSIONS:

This study demonstrates that purified rSal k 1 is comprised of IgE-epitopes similar to that of its natural counterpart and that the mutated variant showed a reduced IgE-binding capacity based on in vitro assays and in vivo provocation testing.

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