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Hypertension. 2010 Jun;55(6):1444-53. doi: 10.1161/HYPERTENSIONAHA.109.149146. Epub 2010 Apr 19.

Oral intake of rosiglitazone promotes a central antihypertensive effect via upregulation of peroxisome proliferator-activated receptor-gamma and alleviation of oxidative stress in rostral ventrolateral medulla of spontaneously hypertensive rats.

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  • 1Center for Translation Research in Biomedical Sciences, Chang Gung Memorial Hospital-Kaohsiung Medical Center, Kaohsiung, Taiwan, Republic of China.

Abstract

Rosiglitazone, a synthetic ligand of transcription factor peroxisome proliferator-activated receptor-gamma (PPAR-gamma), possesses a blood pressure-lowering effect beyond insulin sensitizing and glucose lowering. Oxidative stress in rostral ventrolateral medulla (RVLM), where sympathetic premotor neurons for the maintenance of neurogenic vasomotor tone are located, contributes to neural mechanisms of hypertension. Activation of PPAR-gamma protects against oxidative stress in RVLM by upregulation of mitochondrial uncoupling protein 2 (UCP2). We tested the hypothesis that oral intake of rosiglitazone exerts a central antihypertensive effect by ameliorating oxidative stress in RVLM via transcriptional upregulation of UCP2 after PPAR-gamma activation. In adult spontaneously hypertensive rats but not normotensive Wistar-Kyoto rats, oral intake of rosiglitazone for 1 week resulted in vasodepression and a reduction in the vasomotor components of the systemic arterial pressure spectrum, our experimental index for sympathetic vasomotor tone. These antihypertensive effects of rosiglitazone in spontaneously hypertensive rats were abrogated by microinjection bilaterally into RVLM of PPAR-gamma small interfering RNA. Oral intake of rosiglitazone also upregulated UCP2 and ameliorated the heightened superoxide anion level in RVLM of spontaneously hypertensive rats. Protection against oxidative stress in RVLM by rosiglitazone was abrogated by PPAR-gamma small interfering RNA or by antisense oligonucleotide against ucp2 mRNA. Gene knockdown of ucp2 in RVLM also reversed the antihypertensive effect of rosiglitazone. These results suggest that oral intake of rosiglitazone promotes a central antihypertensive effect by decreasing sympathetic vasomotor activity through a PPAR-gamma-dependent protection against oxidative stress in RVLM via transcriptional upregulation of the mitochondrial UCP2.

PMID:
20404217
[PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE]
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