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J Orofac Pain. 2010 Spring;24(2):152-62.

Acupuncture for temporomandibular disorders: a systematic review.

Author information

  • 1Hospital of Korean Medicine, Kyung Hee University Medical Center, Kyung Hee University, #1 Hoegi-Dong, Dongdaemun-Gu, Seoul 130-701, Republic of Korea. chosh@khu.ac.kr

Abstract

AIMS:

To assess the effectiveness of acupuncture for the symptomatic treatment of temporomandibular disorders (TMD) from a review of studies using randomized controlled trials (RCTs).

METHODS:

Electronic databases were systematically searched for articles reporting RCTs investigating acupuncture for TMD. The methodological qualities of eligible studies were assessed using the criteria described in the Cochrane Handbook.

RESULTS:

Nineteen reports were systematically reviewed. There was moderate evidence that classical acupuncture had a positive influence beyond those of placebo (three trials, 65 participants); had positive effects similar to those of occlusal splint therapy (three trials, 160 participants); and was more effective for TMD symptoms than physical therapy (four trials, 397 participants), indomethacin plus vitamin B1 (two trials, 85 participants), and a wait-list control (three trials, 138 participants). Only two RCTs addressed adverse events and reported no serious adverse events.

CONCLUSION:

This systematic review noted moderate evidence that acupuncture is an effective intervention to reduce symptoms associated with TMD. There is a need for acupuncture trials with adequate sample sizes that address the long-term efficacy or effectiveness of acupuncture.

PMID:
20401353
[PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE]
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