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Curr Cardiovasc Imaging Rep. 2010 Apr;3(2):83-91. Epub 2010 Mar 11.

Myocardial Fat Imaging.

Abstract

The presence of intramyocardial fat may form a substrate for arrhythmias, and fibrofatty infiltration of the myocardium has been shown to be associated with sudden death. Therefore, noninvasive detection could have high prognostic value. Fat-water-separated imaging in the heart by MRI is a sensitive means of detecting intramyocardial fat and characterizing fibrofatty infiltration. It is also useful in characterizing fatty tumors and delineating epicardial and/or pericardial fat. Multi-echo methods for fat and water separation provide a sensitive means of detecting small concentrations of fat with positive contrast and have a number of advantages over conventional chemical-shift fat suppression. Furthermore, fat and water-separated imaging is useful in resolving artifacts that may arise due to the presence of fat. Examples of fat-water-separated imaging of the heart are presented for patients with ischemic and nonischemic cardiomyopathies, as well as general tissue classification.

PMID:
20401158
[PubMed]
PMCID:
PMC2850992
Free PMC Article
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