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Brain Res Dev Brain Res. 1991 Mar 18;59(1):23-9.

Temporal limits of the susceptibility of depth perception to proprioceptive deafferentations of extraocular muscles.

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  • 1Institut des Neurosciences, Université P. et M. Curie, Paris, France.

Abstract

In a previous study, extraocular muscle proprioception (E.O.M.P.) was shown to play an important role in the postnatal development of depth perception: following unilateral or bilateral sections of the ophthalmic branch of the trigeminal nerve (V1th nerve) performed at 6-8 weeks of age, the binocular thresholds were 2 to 3 times higher than in control animals. Since the V1-sections produced no deficits when performed in adults, the temporal limits of a period of susceptibility remained to be determined. In order to assess the lower and upper limits of the period during which these perceptual deficits could be induced, unilateral or bilateral V1-sections were performed in kittens at different ages. Depth perception thresholds were measured by using the jumping stand technique. Sections of the V1 nerve only produced significant impairments of the binocular depth thresholds when performed after 3 weeks of age. They could be observed when unilateral sections were performed at up to 13 weeks of age and with bilateral sections at up to 10 weeks of age. These functional impairments appeared to remain permanently through adult life.

PMID:
2040076
[PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE]
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