Send to:

Choose Destination
See comment in PubMed Commons below
Appl Opt. 1982 Nov 1;21(21):3932-40. doi: 10.1364/AO.21.003932.

Remote sensing of sea state using laser altimeters.

Author information

  • 1University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign, Department of Electrical Engineering, Urbana, Illinois 61801, USA.


The reflection of short laser pulses from the ocean surface is analyzed based on the specular point theory of scattering. The expressions for the averaged received signal, shot noise, and speckle-induced noise are derived for a direct detection receiver system. It is found that the reflected laser pulses have an average shape which is closely related to the probability density function associated with the ocean surface profile. The result is used to estimate the mean sea level and significant wave height from temporal moments of the reflected laser pulse.

PubMed Commons home

PubMed Commons

How to join PubMed Commons

    Supplemental Content

    Loading ...
    Write to the Help Desk