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Anticancer Res. 2010 Mar;30(3):777-83.

Chemopreventive effects of honokiol on UVB-induced skin cancer development.

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  • 1Distinguished Professor and Head, Department of Pharmaceutical Sciences, College of Pharmacy-Box 2202 C, 116 A Intramural Building, South Dakota State University, Brookings, SD 57007, USA.

Abstract

BACKGROUND:

Skin cancer is the most prevalent of all cancer types and its incidence is expected to increase substantially. Chemoprevention involves the administration of chemical agents to prevent initiation, promotion and/or progression that occurs during neoplastic development. Honokiol, a plant lignan isolated from bark and seed cones of Magnolia officinalis, has been shown to have chemopreventive effects on chemically induced skin cancer development.

AIM:

The objective of this investigation was to study the chemopreventive effects of honokiol on UVB-induced skin tumor development in SKH-1 mice, a model relevant to humans, and to elucidate the possible role of apoptotic proteins involved in the prevention of skin tumor development.

MATERIALS AND METHODS:

Female SKH-1 mice were divided into two groups. Group 1 received acetone (0.2 ml, topical) and Group 2 received honokiol (30 microg in 0.2 ml acetone, topical) one hour before UVB treatment. Tumor initiation and promotion were carried out by UVB radiation (30 mJ/cm(2)/day), 5 days a week for 30 weeks. Tumor counts and mouse weights were taken weekly.

RESULTS:

The honokiol-pretreated group exhibited a 45% reduction in tumor multiplicity as compared to the control group. Mechanistic studies showed the possible involvement of caspase-3, caspase-8, caspase-9, poly (ADP-ribose) polymerase (PARP) and p53 activation (p<0.05) leading to the induction of DNA fragmentation and apoptosis.

CONCLUSION:

Pretreatment with honokiol, at concentrations in micrograms per application compared with milligram applications of other potential chemopreventive agents, prevents UVB-induced skin cancer development, possibly by activating proapoptotic proteins through both intrinsic and extrinsic pathways.

PMID:
20392996
[PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE]
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