Format

Send to:

Choose Destination
See comment in PubMed Commons below
J Clin Child Adolesc Psychol. 2010;39(1):64-76. doi: 10.1080/15374410903401146.

Has adolescent suicidality decreased in the United States? Data from two national samples of adolescents interviewed in 1995 and 2005.

Author information

  • 1National Crime Victims Research and Treatment Center, Medical University of South Carolina, 67 President Street, MSC861, Charleston, SC 29425, USA. wolitzky@musc.edu

Abstract

We compared the prevalence and correlates of adolescent suicidal ideation and attempts in two nationally representative probability samples of adolescents interviewed in 1995 (National Survey of Adolescents; N = 4,023) and 2005 (National Survey of Adolescents-Replication; N = 3,614). Participants in both samples completed a telephone survey that assessed major depressive episode (MDE), post-traumatic stress disorder, suicidal ideation and attempts, violence exposure, and substance use. Results demonstrated that the lifetime prevalence of suicidal ideation among adolescents was lower in 2005 than 1995, whereas the prevalence of suicide attempts remained stable. MDE was the strongest predictor of suicidality in both samples. In addition, several demographic, substance use, and violence exposure variables were significantly associated with increased risk of suicidal ideation and attempts in both samples, with female gender, nonexperimental drug use, and direct violence exposure being consistent risk factors in both samples.

PMID:
20390799
[PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE]
PMCID:
PMC3124114
Free PMC Article
PubMed Commons home

PubMed Commons

0 comments
How to join PubMed Commons

    Supplemental Content

    Full text links

    Icon for Atypon Icon for PubMed Central
    Loading ...
    Write to the Help Desk