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Lab Invest. 2010 Jul;90(7):997-1003. doi: 10.1038/labinvest.2010.78. Epub 2010 Apr 12.

Effects of Arkadia on airway remodeling through enhancing TGF-beta signaling in allergic rats.

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  • 1Department of Respiratory Medicine, Xiangya Hospital, Central South University, Changsha, China.

Abstract

Upregulation of transforming growth factor-beta (TGF-beta) signaling is interrelated with the development of airway remodeling. In this study, we examined the role of two E3 ubiquitin ligases, Arkadia and Smurf2, which are critically required for TGF-beta signaling in airway remodeling. Rats were immunized with ovalbumin (OVA) and then challenged with an OVA aerosol. In in vitro experiments, normal human bronchial epithelial cells were stimulated with TGF-beta(1) with or without the preincubation of Arkadia/Smurf2 small interfering RNA (siRNA) or lactacystin (an inhibitor of proteasomal degradation). In the lungs of OVA-treated rats, a large number of inflammatory cells were present near the airways. An increased subepithelial collagen deposition was associated with high expression levels of Smad7, SnoN and Ski mRNAs, Arkadia, Smurf2, and TGF-beta type I receptor (TbetaRI), but low expression levels of Smad7, SnoN and Ski proteins. Smad7, SnoN and Ski interacted with both Arkadia and Smurf2 while TbetaRI only interacted with Smurf2 but not with Arkadia. In in vitro experiments, the inhibitory effect of TGF-beta(1) on the expression of Smad7, SnoN and Ski was reversed by Arkadia siRNA and lactacystin, whereas the stimulatory effect of TGF-beta(1) on the expression of TbetaRI protein and Smad7/SnoN/Ski mRNAs was not affected. In contrast, Smurf2 siRNA did not influence the effects of TGF-beta(1) on the expression of the above proteins. Our results suggest that Arkadia may contribute to the pathogenesis of airway remodeling through enhancing TGF-beta signaling by inducing the reduction of Smad7, SnoN and Ski proteins in OVA-sensitized and -challenged rats.

PMID:
20386537
[PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE]
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