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Spine (Phila Pa 1976). 2010 Jul 1;35(15):1437-44. doi: 10.1097/BRS.0b013e3181c2a8ec.

Free axial vibrations at 0 to 200 Hz positively affect extracellular matrix messenger ribonucleic acid expression in bovine nucleus pulposi.

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  • 1Optima Health Solutions International Corporation (KKT International), Vancouver, British Columbia, Canada.

Abstract

STUDY DESIGN:

Bovine caudal intervertebral discs (IVDs) were exposed to free axial vibration for 10 to 60 minutes at 0 to 0.5 g and 0 to 200 Hz. Expression of messenger ribonucleic acid for aggrecan, collagen type I, collagen type II, biglycan, decorin, and versican were assayed, as was apoptosis.

OBJECTIVE:

To determine the vibration conditions which are most effective in altering intervertebral disc IVD gene expression.

SUMMARY OF BACKGROUND DATA:

Various studies have suggested widely varying effects of vibration in the IVD, ranging from harmful (increased risk of degeneration) to beneficial (increased analgesia) to neutral (no effect).

METHODS:

Vibration was applied using a custom designed voice coil system, which generated controlled motion in the axial direction. Gene expression in the nucleus pulposus was assessed using RT-PCR and the SYBR green chemistry; apoptosis was assessed using TUNEL staining.

RESULTS:

Expression of messenger ribonucleic acids for biglycan, collagen type I, collagen type II, decorin, and versican were significantly affected by vibration duration, frequency, and amplitude. Aggrecan was unaffected. Of the 3 factors, amplitude had the largest and widest effect.

CONCLUSION:

Expression of extracellular matrix genes was significantly upregulated at high amplitudes (>0.4 g) in as little as 10 minutes. This may indicate a potential therapeutic stimulus; periodic application of controlled vibration could positively influence matrix maintenance. Further studies on the protein level and long-term effects are warranted.

PMID:
20386503
[PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE]
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