Format

Send to:

Choose Destination
See comment in PubMed Commons below
Trends Microbiol. 2010 Jul;18(7):288-97. doi: 10.1016/j.tim.2010.03.004. Epub 2010 Apr 8.

Bacterial gene regulation by alpha-hydroxyketone signaling.

Author information

  • 1Institute of Molecular Life Sciences, University of Zürich, Winterthurerstrasse 190, 8057 Zürich, Switzerland.

Abstract

Bacteria produce diffusible, small signaling molecules termed autoinducers to promote cell-cell communication. Recently, a novel class of signaling molecules, the alpha-hydroxyketones (AHKs), was discovered in the facultative human pathogens Legionella pneumophila and Vibrio cholerae. In this review, we summarize and compare findings on AHK signaling in these bacteria. The L. pneumophila lqs (Legionella quorum sensing) and V. cholerae cqs (cholera quorum sensing) gene clusters synthesize and detect Legionella autoinducer 1 (3-hydroxypentadecan-4-one) or cholera autoinducer-1 (3-hydroxytridecan-4-one), respectively. In addition to the autoinducer synthase and cognate sensor kinase encoded in the cqs locus, the lqs cluster also harbors a prototypic response regulator. AHK signaling regulates pathogen-host cell interactions, bacterial virulence, formation of biofilms or extracellular filaments, and expression of a genomic island. The lqs/cqs gene cluster is present in several environmental bacteria, suggesting that AHKs are widely used for cell-cell signaling.

Copyright 2010 Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.

PMID:
20382022
[PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE]
PubMed Commons home

PubMed Commons

0 comments
How to join PubMed Commons

    Supplemental Content

    Full text links

    Icon for Elsevier Science
    Loading ...
    Write to the Help Desk