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Immunology. 1991 Apr;72(4):502-7.

The role of interleukin-5 in protective immunity to Strongyloides venezuelensis infection in mice.

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  • 1Department of Parasitic Diseases, Kumamoto University Medical School, Japan.


We depleted or neutralized interleukin-5 (IL-5) and IL-5 receptor of C57BL/6 mice, using rat anti-murine IL-5 monoclonal antibody (NC17) and anti-murine IL-5 receptor monoclonal antibody (H7). Mice treated with these monoclonal antibodies were infected with Strongyloides venezuelensis larvae. The time-course of faecal egg output and peripheral eosinophilia were monitored. In a primary infection, anti-IL-5 treatment did not affect faecal egg output, although the eosinophil count in peripheral blood was markedly reduced. There was no difference in intestinal worm burden or faecal egg output between anti-IL-5 treated and non-treated mice. In a secondary infection, worms were expelled from the small intestine of anti-IL-5-treated mice as well as from non-treated mice. Worm recovery from the lungs of mice treated with either anti-IL-5 or anti-IL-5 receptor monoclonal antibody was the same as that of normal controls. However, a marked reduction in worm recovery was observed in re-infected mice that had not been treated with monoclonal antibodies. Treatment with anti-IL-5 or anti-IL-5 receptor monoclonal antibody suppressed blood and tissue eosinophilia. Thus the results suggested that the host's protective immunity against tissue-migrating larvae was IL-5-dependent but intestinal immunity was not.

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