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FEBS Lett. 1991 May 6;282(2):388-92.

Dephosphin, a 96,000 Da substrate of protein kinase C in synaptosomal cytosol, is phosphorylated in intact synaptosomes.

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  • 1St. Vincent's Institute of Medical Research, Fitzroy, Vic., Australia.


A 96,000 dalton phosphoprotein, called dephosphin, is phosphorylated in intact synaptosomes from rat brain and is rapidly dephosphorylated upon depolarisation-dependent calcium entry. A 96,000 dalton phosphoprotein is also a substrate of protein kinase C in synaptosomal cytosol, and the aim of the study was to determine whether the two proteins may be the same. Dephosphin in intact synaptosomes and the 96,000 dalton protein kinase C substrate comigrated on polyacrylamide gels. Both phosphoproteins had identical phosphopeptide maps after digestion with V8 protease. Both phosphoproteins ran on isoelectric focussing gels with a pI of 6.3-6.7 and focussed as a series of 5-6 spots. Both proteins were phosphorylated exclusively on serine. Both proteins could be resolved into a doublet on longer polyacrylamide gels. The two subunits were of 96 and 93 kDa in both phosphorylation conditions and had dissimilar phosphopeptide maps. However, phosphopeptide maps of either the 96 or 93 kDa subunits were identical in intact synaptosomes compared with synaptosomal cytosol. These results show that a phosphoprotein phosphorylated in intact synaptosomes and a 96,000 dalton protein kinase C substrate from rat brain synaptosomal cytosol are the same, and raise the possibility that protein kinase C is the protein kinase responsible for dephosphin phosphorylation in intact synaptosomes.

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