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Blood. 2010 Jun 24;115(25):5222-31. doi: 10.1182/blood-2009-12-259390. Epub 2010 Apr 5.

WT1 mutation in 470 adult patients with acute myeloid leukemia: stability during disease evolution and implication of its incorporation into a survival scoring system.

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  • 1Division of Hematology, Department of Internal Medicine, National Taiwan University Hospital, Taipei, Taiwan.

Abstract

The impact of WT1 mutations in acute myeloid leukemia (AML) is not completely settled. We aimed to determine the clinical implication of WT1 mutation in 470 de novo non-M3 AML patients and its stability during the clinical course. WT1 mutations were identified in 6.8% of total patients and 8.3% of younger patients with normal karyotype (CN-AML). The WT1 mutation was closely associated with younger age (P < .001), French-American-British M6 subtype (P = .006), and t(7;11)(p15;p15) (P = .003). Multivariate analysis demonstrated that the WT1 mutation was an independent poor prognostic factor for overall survival and relapse-free survival among total patients and the CN-AML group. A scoring system incorporating WT1 mutation, NPM1/FLT3-ITD, CEBPA mutations, and age into survival analysis proved to be very useful to stratify CN-AML patients into different prognostic groups (P < .001). Sequential analyses were performed on 133 patients. WT1 mutations disappeared at complete remission in all WT1-mutated patients studied. At relapse, 3 of the 16 WT1-mutated patients who had paired samples lost the mutation and 2 acquired additional mutations, whereas 3 of 110 WT1-wild patients acquired novel mutations. In conclusion, WT1 mutations are correlated with poor prognosis in AML patients. The mutation status may be changed in some patients during AML progression.

PMID:
20368469
[PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE]
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