Send to:

Choose Destination
See comment in PubMed Commons below
Crit Rev Biomed Eng. 1991;18(5):341-68.

Receptors in the knee joint ligaments and their role in the biomechanics of the joint.

Author information

  • 1University of Umeå, Sweden.


The knee joint ligaments contain Ruffini, Pacinian, Golgi, and free-nerve endings with different capabilities of providing the CNS with information about movement and position as well as about noxious events. Skeletomotor neurons (alpha-motoneurons) are known to be influenced only very rarely and weakly from low-threshold mechanoreceptors in the ligaments, while the effects on the tau-muscle-spindle system in the muscles around the knee are so potent that even ligament stretches at very low loads may induce major changes in the responses of the muscle spindle afferents. Since the primary muscle spindle afferents participate in the regulation of muscular stiffness, the receptors in the knee joint ligaments probably contribute, via the tau-muscle-spindle system, to preparatory adjustment (pre-setting) of the stiffness of the muscles around the knee joint, and thereby to the joint stiffness and the functional joint stability.

[PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE]
PubMed Commons home

PubMed Commons

How to join PubMed Commons

    Supplemental Content

    Loading ...
    Write to the Help Desk