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Sci Total Environ. 2010 Jun 1;408(13):2726-32. doi: 10.1016/j.scitotenv.2010.01.005. Epub 2010 Apr 2.

Fate of 14C-triclocarban in biosolids-amended soils.

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  • 1Soil and Water Science Department, University of Florida, Gainesville, FL 32611, USA. lizah@ufl.edu


Triclocarban (TCC) is an antibacterial compound commonly detected in biosolids at parts-per-million concentrations. Approximately half of the biosolids produced in the United States are land-applied, resulting in a systematic release of TCC into the soil environment. The extent of biosolids-borne TCC environmental transport and potential human/ecological exposures will be greatly affected by its bioavailability and the rate of degradation in amended soils. To investigate these factors, radiolabeled TCC ((14)C-TCC) was incorporated into anaerobically digested biosolids, amended to two soils, and incubated under aerobic conditions. The evolution of (14)CO2 (biodegradation) and changes in chemical extractability (bioavailability) was measured over time. Water extractable TCC over the study period was low and significantly decreased over the first 3 weeks of the study (from 14% to 4% in a fine sand soil and from 3 to <1% in a silty clay loam soil). Mineralization (i.e. ultimate degradation), as measured by evolution of (14)CO(2), was <4% over 7.5 months. Methanol extracts of the amended soils were analyzed by radiolabel thin-layer chromatography (RAD-TLC), but no intermediate degradation products were detected. Approximately 20% and 50% of the radioactivity in the amended fine sand and silty clay loam soils, respectively, was converted to bound residue as measured by solids combustion. These results indicate that biosolids-borne TCC becomes less bioavailable over time and biodegrades at a very slow rate.

Copyright (c) 2010 Elsevier B.V. All rights reserved.

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