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J Pediatr Psychol. 2010 Oct;35(9):996-1004. doi: 10.1093/jpepsy/jsq020. Epub 2010 Apr 1.

Relationship between school absenteeism and depressive symptoms among adolescents with juvenile fibromyalgia.

Author information

  • 1Division of Behavioral Medicine and Clinical Psychology, Cincinnati Children's Hospital Medical Center, Cincinnati, OH 45229, USA. susmita.kashikar-zuck@cchmc.org

Abstract

OBJECTIVE:

To describe school absences in adolescents with Juvenile Primary Fibromyalgia Syndrome (JPFS) and examine the relationship between school absenteeism, pain, psychiatric symptoms, and maternal pain history.

METHODS:

Adolescents with JPFS (N = 102; mean age 14.96 years) completed measures of pain and depressive symptoms, and completed a psychiatric interview. Parents provided information about the adolescents' school absences, type of schooling, and parental pain history. School attendance reports were obtained directly from schools.

RESULTS:

Over 12% of adolescents with JPFS were homeschooled. Those enrolled in regular school missed 2.9 days per month on average, with one-third of participants missing more than 3 days per month. Pain and maternal pain history were not related to school absenteeism. However, depressive symptoms were significantly associated with school absences.

CONCLUSION:

Many adolescents with JPFS experience difficulties with regular school attendance. Long-term risks associated with school absenteeism and the importance of addressing psychological factors are discussed.

PMID:
20360017
[PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE]
PMCID:
PMC2940020
Free PMC Article
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