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Adv Appl Microbiol. 2010;70:1-55. doi: 10.1016/S0065-2164(10)70001-0. Epub 2010 Mar 6.

Thermostable enzymes as biocatalysts in the biofuel industry.

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  • 1Institute for Genomic Biology, University of Illinois, Urbana, Illinois, USA.

Abstract

Lignocellulose is the most abundant carbohydrate source in nature and represents an ideal renewable energy source. Thermostable enzymes that hydrolyze lignocellulose to its component sugars have significant advantages for improving the conversion rate of biomass over their mesophilic counterparts. We review here the recent literature on the development and use of thermostable enzymes for the depolymerization of lignocellulosic feedstocks for biofuel production. Furthermore, we discuss the protein structure, mechanisms of thermostability, and specific strategies that can be used to improve the thermal stability of lignocellulosic biocatalysts.

Copyright 2010 Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved.

PMID:
20359453
[PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE]
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