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J Bone Joint Surg Br. 2010 Apr;92(4):513-20. doi: 10.1302/0301-620X.92B4.23174.

The impact of pre-operative obesity on weight change and outcome in total knee replacement: a prospective study of 529 consecutive patients.

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  • 1Universityof Melbourne,Melbourne, Australia.

Erratum in

  • J Bone Joint Surg Br.2010 Jun;92(6):902.


We carried out a prospective, continuous study on 529 patients who underwent primary total knee replacement between January 2006 and December 2007 at a major teaching hospital. The aim was to investigate weight change and the functional and clinical outcome in non-obese and obese groups at 12 months post-operatively. The patients were grouped according to their pre-operative body mass index (BMI) as follows: non-obese (BMI < 30 kg/m(2)), obese (BMI (3) 30 to 39 kg/m(2)) and morbidly obese (BMI > 40 kg/m(2)). The clinical outcome data were available for all patients and functional outcome data for 521 (98.5%). Overall, 318 (60.1%) of the patients were obese or morbidly obese. At 12 months, a clinically significant weight loss of > or =5% had occurred in 40 (12.6%) of the obese patients, but 107 (21%) gained weight. The change in the International Knee Society score was less in obese and morbidly obese compared with non-obese patients (p = 0.016). Adverse events occurred in 30 (14.2%) of the non-obese, 59 (22.6%) of the obese and 20 (35.1%) of the morbidly obese patients (p = 0.001).

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