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Demography. 2010 Feb;47(1):163-80.

Orphanhood and human capital destruction: is there persistence into adulthood?

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  • 1World Bank, 1818 H Street NW, Washington, DC 20433, USA. kbeegle@worldbank.org

Abstract

This article presents unique evidence that orphanhood matters in the long run for health and education outcomes in a region of northwestern Tanzania. We study a sample of 718 non-orphaned children surveyed in 1991-1994 who were traced and reinterviewed as adults in 2004. A large proportion, 19%, lost one or more parents before age 15 in this period, allowing us to assess permanent health and education impacts of orphanhood. In the analysis, we control for a wide range of child and adult characteristics before orphanhood, as well as community fixed effects. We find that maternal orphanhood has a permanent adverse impact of 2 cm of final height attainment and one year of educational attainment. Expressing welfare in terms of consumption expenditure, the result is a gap of 8.5% compared with similar children whose mothers survived until at least their 15th birthday.

PMID:
20355689
PMCID:
PMC3000004
[PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE]
Free PMC Article
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