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Cancer Prev Res (Phila). 2010 Apr;3(4):394-402. doi: 10.1158/1940-6207.CAPR-10-0051. Epub 2010 Mar 30.

Unprecedented opportunities and promise for cancer prevention research.

Abstract

Cancer prevention encompasses a wide range of highly developed science and clinical impact. Enunciating these two aspects in the same breath highlights the crucial link between them. The breadth and excitement of current opportunities in the science of cancer prevention have never been greater. Major avenues of such research include the extent and effect of premalignancy, the molecular underpinnings of carcinogenesis and related prevention targets, in vitro model systems of the progression of normal human epithelial cells to tumorigenesis, molecular risk stratification and pharmacogenomic approaches, and many more. We describe the clinical impacts of cancer prevention (with examples in the areas of molecular targeting, vaccines, epidemiology, and behavioral science) and the stage-setting science that facilitated them. In addition, discussed are new prevention opportunities such as interactions between stromal and microenvironmental factors, the control of premalignant stem cell phenotypes through epigenetic reprogramming, and neoplastic cells and various stress responses including those involving telomere biology. The promise of this science, particularly integrative, interdisciplinary research, is to hasten the ability of clinical prevention to reduce the burden of cancer.

(c) 2010 AACR.

PMID:
20354163
[PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE]
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