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J Dermatol Sci. 2010 May;58(2):91-6. doi: 10.1016/j.jdermsci.2010.02.011. Epub 2010 Mar 6.

Identification of transcriptional targets of Wnt/beta-catenin signaling in dermal papilla cells of human scalp hair follicles: EP2 is a novel transcriptional target of Wnt3a.

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  • 1Department of Immunology, School of Medicine, Kyungpook National University, Daegu 700-422, Republic of Korea.

Abstract

BACKGROUND:

Recent studies showed that Wnt signaling through the beta-catenin pathway (canonical Wnt signaling) act on mouse dermal papilla cells (DPCs) enabling hair follicles to keep growing.

OBJECTIVE:

To investigate whether human DPCs respond to canonical Wnt signaling and, if so, to identify target genes of Wnt/beta-catenin pathway.

METHODS:

Cultured human DPCs were transiently transfected with the beta-catenin responsive TCF reporter plasmid (pTopflash) and corresponding negative control reporter (pFopflash) to assess the activity of beta-catenin signaling by Wnt3a (one of the canonical Wnts). Immunofluorescence staining was also performed to localize beta-catenin in the presence or absence of Wnt3a. Microarray was carried out using Affymetrix gene chips. RT-PCR analysis and immunoblot were employed to verify microarray data. Cyclic AMP (cAMP) levels were measured using EIA assay after Wnt3a and PGE2 treatment in DPCs.

RESULTS:

Wnt3a significantly stimulated the transcriptional activity of pTopflash but not pFopflash. In line with this, we identified a number of genes that are regulated by Wnt3a. Some of the differently expressed genes including EP2 were confirmed by RT-PCR analysis. Immunoblot further confirmed that EP2 protein is indeed increased by Wnt3a. DPCs pretreated with Wnt3a showed higher responsiveness to PGE2 as measured by cAMP levels.

CONCLUSIONS:

Elucidation of the role of Wnt3a-regulated genes identified in this study including EP2 would help our understanding of hair-induction and maintenance of anagen phase.

2010 Japanese Society for Investigative Dermatology. Published by Elsevier Ireland Ltd. All rights reserved.

PMID:
20347274
[PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE]
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