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J Child Lang. 2010 Jun;37(3):643-69. doi: 10.1017/S0305000909990523. Epub 2010 Mar 25.

Explaining quantitative variation in the rate of Optional Infinitive errors across languages: a comparison of MOSAIC and the Variational Learning Model.

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  • 1School of Psychology, University of Liverpool, Bedford Street SouthLiverpool, L69 7ZA, United Kingdom. D.Freudenthal@liverpool.ac.uk

Abstract

In this study, we use corpus analysis and computational modelling techniques to compare two recent accounts of the OI stage: Legate & Yang's (2007) Variational Learning Model and Freudenthal, Pine & Gobet's (2006) Model of Syntax Acquisition in Children. We first assess the extent to which each of these accounts can explain the level of OI errors across five different languages (English, Dutch, German, French and Spanish). We then differentiate between the two accounts by testing their predictions about the relation between children's OI errors and the distribution of infinitival verb forms in the input language. We conclude that, although both accounts fit the cross-linguistic patterning of OI errors reasonably well, only MOSAIC is able to explain why verbs that occur more frequently as infinitives than as finite verb forms in the input also occur more frequently as OI errors than as correct finite verb forms in the children's output.

PMID:
20334719
[PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE]
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