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Prostaglandins Other Lipid Mediat. 2010 Apr;91(3-4):130-8. doi: 10.1016/j.prostaglandins.2009.02.002. Epub 2009 Mar 4.

Lysophosphatidic acid (LPA) receptors: signaling properties and disease relevance.

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  • 1Department of Molecular Biology, Helen L. Dorris Institute for Neurological and Psychiatric Disorders, The Scripps Research Institute, La Jolla, CA 92037, USA.

Abstract

Lysophosphatidic acid (LPA), a water-soluble phospholipid, has gained significant attention in recent years since the discovery that it acts as a potent signaling molecule with wide-ranging effects on many different target tissues. There are currently five identified G protein-coupled receptors for LPA and more are undergoing validation. The complexity of the expression pattern and signaling properties of LPA receptors results in multiple influences on developmental, physiological, and pathological processes. This review provides a summary of LPA receptor signaling and current views on the potential involvement of this pathway in human diseases that include cardiovascular, cancer, neuropathic pain, neuropsychiatric disorders, reproductive disorders, and fibrosis. The involvement of LPA signaling in these processes implicates multiple, potential drug targets including LPA receptor subtypes and LPA metabolizing enzymes. Modulation of LPA signaling may thus provide therapeutic inroads for the treatment of human disease.

Copyright 2009 Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved.

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