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J Biol Chem. 2010 May 21;285(21):16145-54. doi: 10.1074/jbc.M109.081315. Epub 2010 Mar 22.

The PX-RICS-14-3-3zeta/theta complex couples N-cadherin-beta-catenin with dynein-dynactin to mediate its export from the endoplasmic reticulum.

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  • 1Laboratory of Molecular and Genetic Information, Institute of Molecular and Cellular Biosciences, The University of Tokyo, Bunkyo-ku, Tokyo 113-0032, Japan.


We have recently shown that beta-catenin-facilitated export of cadherins from the endoplasmic reticulum requires PX-RICS, a beta-catenin-interacting GTPase-activating protein for Cdc42. Here we show that PX-RICS interacts with isoforms of 14-3-3 and couples the N-cadherin-beta-catenin complex to the microtubule-based molecular motor dynein-dynactin. Similar to knockdown of PX-RICS, knockdown of either 14-3-3zeta or - resulted in the disappearance of N-cadherin and beta-catenin from the cell-cell boundaries. Furthermore, we found that PX-RICS and 14-3-3zeta/ are present in a large multiprotein complex that contains dynein-dynactin components as well as N-cadherin and beta-catenin. Both RNAi- and dynamitin-mediated inhibition of dynein-dynactin function also led to the absence of N-cadherin and beta-catenin at the cell-cell contact sites. Our results suggest that the PX-RICS-14-3-3zeta/ complex links the N-cadherin-beta-catenin cargo with the dynein-dynactin motor and thereby mediates its endoplasmic reticulum export.

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