Send to:

Choose Destination
See comment in PubMed Commons below
Gastroenterology. 2010 Jul;139(1):239-48. doi: 10.1053/j.gastro.2010.03.036. Epub 2010 Mar 18.

Helicobacter pylori CagL activates ADAM17 to induce repression of the gastric H, K-ATPase alpha subunit.

Author information

  • 1Department of Medicine, University of California, San Diego, San Diego, California, USA.



Infection with Helicobacter pylori represses expression of the gastric H, K-adenosine triphosphatase alpha-subunit (HKalpha), which could contribute to transient hypochlorhydria. CagL, a pilus protein component of the H pylori type IV secretion system, binds to the integrin alpha(5)beta1 to mediate translocation of virulence factors into the host cell and initiate signaling. alpha(5)beta1 binds a disintegrin and metalloprotease (ADAM) 17, a metalloenzyme that catalyzes ectodomain shedding of receptor tyrosine kinase ligands. We investigated whether H pylori-induced repression of HKalpha is mediated by CagL activation of ADAM17 and release of heparin-binding epidermal growth factor (HB-EGF).


HKalpha promoter and ADAM17 activity were measured in AGS gastric epithelial cells transfected with HKalpha promoter-reporter constructs or ADAM17-specific small interfering RNAs and infected with H pylori. HB-EGF secretion was measured by enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay analysis, and ADAM17 interaction with integrins was investigated by coimmunoprecipitation analyses.


Infection of AGS cells with wild-type H pylori or an H pylori cagL-deficient isogenic mutant that also contained a wild-type version of cagL (P12DeltacagL/cagL) repressed HKalpha promoter-Luc reporter activity and stimulated ADAM17 activity. Both responses were inhibited by point mutations in the nuclear factor-kappaB binding site of HKalpha or by infection with P12DeltacagL. Small interfering RNA-mediated silencing of ADAM17 in AGS cells inhibited the repression of wild-type HKalpha promoter and reduced ADAM17 activity and HB-EGF production, compared to controls. Coimmunoprecipitation studies of AGS lysates showed that wild-type H pylori disrupted ADAM17-alpha5beta1 complexes.


During acute H pylori infection, CagL dissociates ADAM17 from the integrin alpha(5)beta1 and activates ADAM17-dependent, nuclear factor-kappaB-mediated repression of HKalpha. This might contribute to transient hypochlorhydria in patients with H pylori infection.

Copyright 2010 AGA Institute. Published by Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved.

[PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE]
Free PMC Article
PubMed Commons home

PubMed Commons

How to join PubMed Commons

    Supplemental Content

    Full text links

    Icon for Elsevier Science Icon for PubMed Central
    Loading ...
    Write to the Help Desk