Display Settings:

Format

Send to:

Choose Destination
We are sorry, but NCBI web applications do not support your browser and may not function properly. More information
Cell Death Differ. 2010 Sep;17(9):1409-19. doi: 10.1038/cdd.2010.22. Epub 2010 Mar 19.

Jun and JunD-dependent functions in cell proliferation and stress response.

Author information

  • 1Institute of Molecular Biotechnology of the Austrian Academy of Sciences, Vienna, Austria.

Abstract

Jun is essential for fetal development, as fetuses lacking Jun die at mid-gestation with multiple cellular defects in liver and heart. Embryos expressing JunD in place of Jun (Jun(d/d)) can develop to term with normal fetal livers, but display cardiac defects as observed in fetuses lacking Jun. Jun(d/d) mouse embryonic fibroblasts (MEFs) exhibit early senescence, which can be rescued by EGF and HB-EGF stimulation, probably through activation of Akt signaling. Thus, JunD cannot functionally replace Jun in regulating fibroblast proliferation. In Jun(-/-) fetal livers, increased hydrogen peroxide levels are detected and expression of Nrf1 and Nrf2 (nuclear erythroid 2-related transcription factors) is downregulated. Importantly, increased oxidative stress as well as expression of Nrf1 and Nrf2 is rescued by JunD in Jun(d/d) fetal livers. These data show that Jun is of critical importance for cellular protection against oxidative stress in fetal livers and fibroblasts, and Jun-dependent cellular senescence can be restored by activation of the epidermal growth factor receptor pathway.

PMID:
20300111
[PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE]
Free full text

Publication Types, MeSH Terms, Substances

Publication Types

MeSH Terms

Substances

PubMed Commons home

PubMed Commons

0 comments
How to join PubMed Commons

    Supplemental Content

    Full text links

    Icon for Nature Publishing Group
    Loading ...
    Write to the Help Desk