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Biochim Biophys Acta. 1991 May 2;1089(1):1-7.

The alpha-ketoacid dehydrogenase complexes. Sequence similarity of rat pyruvate dehydrogenase with Escherichia coli and Azotobacter vinelandii alpha-ketoglutarate dehydrogenase.

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  • 1Department of Biology, Kanoya National Institute of Fitness and Sports, Kagoshima, Japan.


The pyruvate dehydrogenase complex and the alpha-ketoglutarate dehydrogenase complex are multienzyme complexes consisting of three different enzymes. No significant similarity has been reported among the dehydrogenases which are component enzymes of these complexes, despite the presence of homology among the other component enzymes. Here we isolated cDNAs for the alpha and beta subunits of rat pyruvate dehydrogenase and they exhibited a significant similarity of the amino acid sequences among rat pyruvate dehydrogenase, 2-oxoisovalerate dehydrogenase (which is a dehydrogenase component of branched chain alpha-ketoacid dehydrogenase complex) and alpha-ketoglutarate dehydrogenase, suggesting that they have been derived from a common ancestral dehydrogenase. Our results suggested that the alpha and beta subunits of the pyruvate and 2-oxoisovalerate dehydrogenases have been derived by the cleavage of the alpha-ketoglutarate dehydrogenase. However, we could not find significant homology between rat pyruvate dehydrogenase and Gram-negative bacterial pyruvate dehydrogenase.

[PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE]
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