Format

Send to:

Choose Destination
See comment in PubMed Commons below
Cell Host Microbe. 2010 Mar 18;7(3):234-44. doi: 10.1016/j.chom.2010.02.005.

The Cellular lysine methyltransferase Set7/9-KMT7 binds HIV-1 TAR RNA, monomethylates the viral transactivator Tat, and enhances HIV transcription.

Author information

  • 1Gladstone Institute of Virology and Immunology, University of California, San Francisco, San Francisco, CA 94158, USA.

Abstract

The Tat protein of HIV-1 plays an essential role in HIV gene expression by promoting efficient elongation of viral transcripts. Posttranslational modifications of Tat fine-tune interactions of Tat with cellular cofactors and TAR RNA, a stem-loop structure at the 5' ends of viral transcripts. Here, we identify the lysine methyltransferase Set7/9 (KMT7) as a coactivator of HIV transcription. Set7/9-KMT7 associates with the HIV promoter in vivo and monomethylates lysine 51, a highly conserved residue located in the RNA-binding domain of Tat. Knockdown of Set7/9-KMT7 suppresses Tat transactivation of the HIV promoter, but does not affect the transcriptional activity of methylation-deficient Tat (K51A). Set7/9-KMT7 binds TAR RNA by itself and in complex with Tat and the positive transcription elongation factor P-TEFb. Our findings uncover a positive role for Set7/9-KMT7 and Tat methylation during early steps of the Tat transactivation cycle.

Copyright 2010 Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved.

Comment in

PMID:
20227666
[PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE]
PMCID:
PMC2844784
Free PMC Article
PubMed Commons home

PubMed Commons

0 comments
How to join PubMed Commons

    Supplemental Content

    Full text links

    Icon for Elsevier Science Icon for PubMed Central
    Loading ...
    Write to the Help Desk