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Early Hum Dev. 2010 Mar;86(3):179-85. doi: 10.1016/j.earlhumdev.2010.02.006. Epub 2010 Mar 12.

Uteroplacental insufficiency increases visceral adiposity and visceral adipose PPARgamma2 expression in male rat offspring prior to the onset of obesity.

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  • 1Division of Neonatology, University of Utah, 295 Chepeta Way, Salt Lake City, UT 84108, USA. Lisa.Joss-Moore@hsc.utah.edu

Abstract

Uteroplacental insufficiency (UPI) induced intrauterine growth restriction (IUGR) predisposes individuals to adult onset metabolic morbidities, including insulin resistance and cardiovascular disease. An underlying component of the development of these morbidities is adipose dysfunction; specifically a disproportionately abundant visceral adipose tissue. We hypothesize that IUGR will increase rats visceral adiposity and visceral expression of PPARgamma, a key regulator of adipogenesis. To test this hypothesis we employed a well described UPI induced IUGR rat model. Subcutaneous and visceral adipose levels were measured in adolescent control and IUGR rats using MRI. Expression of PPARgamma mRNA and protein, as well as PPARgamma target genes, was measured in neonatal, adolescent and adult rats. UPI induced IUGR increases the relative amount of visceral adipose tissue in male, but not female, adolescent rats in conjunction with an increase in PPARgamma2mRNA and protein in male visceral adipose. Importantly, these effects are seen prior to the onset of overt obesity. We conclude that increased PPARgamma2 expression in VAT of IUGR males is associated with increased visceral adiposity. We speculate that the increase in visceral adiposity may contribute to the metabolic morbidities experienced by this population.

Copyright (c) 2010 Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.

PMID:
20227202
[PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE]
PMCID:
PMC2857740
Free PMC Article

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