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Am J Nephrol. 2010;31(4):342-52. doi: 10.1159/000297290. Epub 2010 Mar 12.

Oxidative and nitrosative stress and progression of diabetic nephropathy in type 2 diabetes.

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  • 1Division of Nephrology and Kidney Center, Kobe University School of Medicine, Japan.



The role of nitric oxide (NO) is controversial in diabetes nephropathy progression and the mechanisms remain unknown, especially in non-obese type 2 diabetes. To examine mechanisms of nephropathy progression in non-obese type 2 diabetes, we used spontaneously diabetic Torii (SDT) rats, a newly established model of non-obese type 2 diabetes.


Fourteen male Sprague-Dawley rats were used as a control (20 weeks, n = 6; 30 weeks, n = 8), and 20-week-old male SDT rats were divided into 2 groups: diabetic (DM, n = 8) and DM + insulin (n = 8) groups. Twenty- and 36-week-old rats were sacrificed, and blood, urine, and histomorphometric analyses, mRNA expression analysis of endothelial NO synthase (eNOS) and NADPH oxidase, and blood pressure measurement were performed.


At 36 weeks, NO metabolites, and 8-hydroxydeoxyguanosine (8-OHdG) were significantly higher in the diabetic group than in the other 2 groups. Further renal studies showed increased glomerular volume and mesangial area, and intensified eNOS, 8-OHdG, and nitrotyrosine immunostaining in the diabetic group. Oxidative and nitrosative stress were positively associated with increased glomerular volume and mesangial area, which were mostly recovered by insulin therapy.


NO and oxidative stress increased in SDT rats, suggesting that these play key roles in nephropathy progression in non-obese type 2 diabetes.

2010 S. Karger AG, Basel.

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