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Uirusu. 2009 Dec;59(2):189-94.

[Identification of an enterovirus 71 receptor; SCARB2].

[Article in Japanese]

Author information

  • 1Tokyo Metropolitan Institute of Medical Science, Tokyo Metropolitan Organization for Medical Research. koike-st@igakuken.or.jp

Abstract

Enterovirus 71 (EV71) and coxsackievirus A16 (CVA16), belonging to family Picornaviridae, genus Enterovirus, species A, are causative agents of hand-foot-mouth disease (HFMD). Infections involving EV71, but not CVA16, can progress to severe neurological disease, including aseptic meningitis, encephalitis, acute flaccid paralysis and neurogenic pulmonary edema. EV71 is thus considered to be a neuropathogenic virus and EV71 outbreak has become a major public health concern. Human RD cells are highly susceptible to EV71, while mouse L929 cell are not. We established mouse cell lines that acquired EV71-susceptibility by transfecting human genomic DNA. We succeeded in identifying a human gene, scavenger receptor B2 (SCARB2), integrated in one of the transformant cells by microarray analysis and showed that SCARB2 can serve as a EV71 receptor. I will summarize this result, background and the methodology of the study.

PMID:
20218327
[PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE]
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