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Fam Community Health. 2010 Apr-Jun;33(2):82-93. doi: 10.1097/FCH.0b013e3181d593e4.

Cyberbullying: a review of the literature on harassment through the Internet and other electronic means.

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  • 1Department of Educational and Social Policy, University of Macedonia, Thessaloniki, Greece.


The present article is a review of the literature of cyberbullying. Main findings are summarized regarding issues of definition of cyberbullying, differences, and similarities with traditional bullying; its extent; the forms of cyberbullying; the characteristics of cyberbullies and cybervictims; the effects of cyberbullying on the psychosocial development of youth; age and gender differences of cyberbullying; and perceived causes of cyberbullying. In addition, the steps that can be undertaken by youth, parents, teachers, and schools to deal with the problem and possible pathways for interventions, from a public health perspective, at the individual, class, organizational, and community levels are presented from the literature. Finally, possible legal solutions deriving from both criminal and civil law are presented.

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