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Horm Res Paediatr. 2010;73(4):265-74. doi: 10.1159/000284391. Epub 2010 Mar 9.

Genome-wide SNP array analysis in patients with features of sotos syndrome.

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  • 1Department of Pediatrics, Leiden University Medical Center, Leiden, The Netherlands. r.visser @



Sotos syndrome is characterized by overgrowth, facial dysmorphism and learning impairment. Haploinsufficiency of NSD1 accounts for approximately 60-90% of the patients. Consequently, a considerable number of patients with features of Sotos syndrome remain without a molecular diagnosis. To date, target-gene approaches in these patients have not been successful.


Twenty-six Sotos syndrome-like patients were analyzed with a high-resolution whole-genome SNP array, and segregation was studied in the parents.


Four possible pathogenic copy-number variants including deletions of 10p12.32-p12.31, 14q13.1, Xq21.1-q21.31 and a duplication of 15q11.2-q13.1 were detected. They varied in size from 155 kb to 13.36 Mb. The 10p12.32-p12.31 deletion revealed a candidate gene (PLXDC2) for overgrowth. The 14q13.1 deletion affected only the NPAS3 gene and the patient carrying this deletion displayed mental retardation as the main feature. The Xq21.1-q21.31 deletion and the 15q11.2-q13.1 duplication encompassed multiple genes of which several could be associated with phenotypic expression.


The high-resolution genome-wide SNP array approach resulted in a detection rate of 15% of novel abnormalities and is therefore a powerful method to attain a molecular diagnosis in Sotos syndrome-like patients. Identified candidate genes provide directions for future screening of larger patient cohorts.

Copyright (c) 2010 S. Karger AG, Basel.

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