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J Surg Oncol. 2010 May 1;101(6):476-80. doi: 10.1002/jso.21522.

Comparison of conventional transarterial chemoembolization (TACE) and chemoembolization with doxorubicin drug eluting beads (DEB) for unresectable hepatocelluar carcinoma (HCC).

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  • 1Division of Interventional Radiology and Image guided Medicine, Department of Radiology, Winship Cancer Institute, Emory University School of Medicine, Atlanta, Georgia 30322, USA.

Abstract

BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVES:

Chemoembolization with doxorubicin drug eluting beads (DEB) is a novel locoregional treatment modality for unresectable hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC). Initial animal studies and clinical trials suggest that treatment with DEB may provide safer and more effective short-term outcomes than conventional chemoembolization. Current study explores long-term survival benefits.

METHODS:

Consecutive patients who received transcatheter therapy with DEB or conventional chemoembolization as sole therapy between 1998 and 2008 were studied. Statistical analysis was performed using Kaplan-Meier estimator with log-rank testing, chi-squared, and independent t-tests.

RESULTS:

Seventy-one patients were included in this study, 45 (63.4%) received therapy with DEB (group A) and 26 (36.6%) underwent conventional chemoembolization (group B). Median survival from diagnosis of HCC in groups A and B were 610 (351-868) and 284 days (4-563; P = 0.03), respectively. In Okuda stage I, survival in groups A and B were 501 (421-528) and 354 days (148-560, P = 0.02). In Child-Pugh classes A and B, survival in groups A and B were 641 (471-810) and 323 days (161-485, P = 0.002). Median survival in patients with Cancer of Liver Italian Program (CLIP) score <or=3 in groups A and B were 469 (358-581) and 373 days (195-551, P = 0.03). NCI CTCAEv3 Grade 5 clinical toxicity was similar.

CONCLUSIONS:

In our study, transcatheter therapy with DEB offers a survival advantage over conventional chemoembolization for patients with unresectable HCC.

(c) 2010 Wiley-Liss, Inc.

PMID:
20213741
[PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE]
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