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Dig Dis Sci. 2010 Jun;55(6):1637-42. doi: 10.1007/s10620-010-1150-4. Epub 2010 Mar 3.

Fecal occult blood test in patients on low-dose aspirin, warfarin, clopidogrel, or non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drugs.

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  • 1Division of Gastroenterology, Minneapolis Veterans Affairs Medical Center, Minneapolis, MN, USA. msawhney@bidmc.harvard.edu

Abstract

AIM:

To determine the effect of anticoagulants and antiplatelet medications on the positive-predictive-value of fecal occult blood test (FOBT).

METHODS:

All patients who underwent a colonoscopy at our institution from 1995 to 2006 for a positive FOBT were identified. Medical records were searched, and patients were stratified into five groups selected a priori: low-dose aspirin, NSAIDs, warfarin, clopidogrel, or controls. The positive-predictive-value of FOBT for advanced colonic neoplasia was computed for each group.

RESULTS:

During the study period, 1,126 patients underwent colonoscopy for a positive FOBT and met entry criteria. The average age of study participants was 69 years and most were men. The positive-predictive-value of FOBT for advanced colon neoplasia was significantly higher in the control group (30.5%) when compared to those on low-dose aspirin (20.5%; p = 0.003), NSAIDs (19.7%; p = 0.003), clopidogrel (7.3%; p = 0.002), or warfarin (20%; p = 0.05). The positive-predictive-value of FOBT was significantly lower for those on clopidogrel than those on low-dose aspirin (p = 0.04) and NSAIDs (p = 0.05), but not warfarin (p = 0.08). The positive-predictive-value for FOBT was similar for those on aspirin, NSAIDs, and warfarin. There was a linear trend between the number of number of positive FOBT cards and prevalence of advanced colon neoplasia (p = 0.01).

CONCLUSION:

Anticoagulants and antiplatelet medications lower the positive-predictive-value of FOBT for advance colonic neoplasia and should be stopped if clinically feasible prior to stool collection.

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PMID:
20195757
[PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE]
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