Display Settings:

Format

Send to:

Choose Destination
Proc Natl Acad Sci U S A. 2010 Mar 16;107(11):5242-7. doi: 10.1073/pnas.0907284107. Epub 2010 Mar 1.

Ecosystem service bundles for analyzing tradeoffs in diverse landscapes.

Author information

  • 1Department of Geography and McGill School of Environment, McGill University, Montreal, QC H3A 2T5, Canada. ciara.raudsepp-hearne@mail.mcgill.ca

Abstract

A key challenge of ecosystem management is determining how to manage multiple ecosystem services across landscapes. Enhancing important provisioning ecosystem services, such as food and timber, often leads to tradeoffs between regulating and cultural ecosystem services, such as nutrient cycling, flood protection, and tourism. We developed a framework for analyzing the provision of multiple ecosystem services across landscapes and present an empirical demonstration of ecosystem service bundles, sets of services that appear together repeatedly. Ecosystem service bundles were identified by analyzing the spatial patterns of 12 ecosystem services in a mixed-use landscape consisting of 137 municipalities in Quebec, Canada. We identified six types of ecosystem service bundles and were able to link these bundles to areas on the landscape characterized by distinct social-ecological dynamics. Our results show landscape-scale tradeoffs between provisioning and almost all regulating and cultural ecosystem services, and they show that a greater diversity of ecosystem services is positively correlated with the provision of regulating ecosystem services. Ecosystem service-bundle analysis can identify areas on a landscape where ecosystem management has produced exceptionally desirable or undesirable sets of ecosystem services.

PMID:
20194739
[PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE]
PMCID:
PMC2841950
Free PMC Article

Images from this publication.See all images (3)Free text

Fig. 1.
Fig. 2.
Fig. 3.
PubMed Commons home

PubMed Commons

0 comments
How to join PubMed Commons

    Supplemental Content

    Full text links

    Icon for HighWire Icon for PubMed Central
    Loading ...
    Write to the Help Desk