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Biochemistry. 2010 May 4;49(17):3695-702. doi: 10.1021/bi902211w.

Effect of phosphorylation in the motor domain of human myosin IIIA on its ATP hydrolysis cycle.

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  • 1Department of Physiology, University of Massachusetts Medical School, 55 Lake Avenue North, Worcester, Massachusetts 01655-0127, USA.


Previous findings suggested that the motor activity of human myosin IIIA (HM3A) is influenced by phosphorylation [Kambara, T., et al. (2006) J. Biol. Chem. 281, 37291-37301]; however, how phosphorylation controls the motor activity of HM3A is obscure. In this study, we clarify the kinetic basis of the effect of phosphorylation on the ATP hydrolysis cycle of the motor domain of HM3A (huM3AMD). The affinity of human myosin IIIA for filamentous actin in the presence of ATP is more than 100-fold decreased by phosphorylation, while the maximum rate of ATP turnover is virtually unchanged. The rate of release of ADP from acto-phosphorylated huM3AMD is 6-fold greater than the overall cycle rate, and thus not a rate-determining step. The rate constant of the ATP hydrolysis step of the actin-dissociated form is markedly increased by phosphorylation by 30-fold. The dissociation constant for dissociation of the ATP-bound form of huM3AMD from actin is greatly increased by phosphorylation, and this result agrees well with the significant increase in the K(actin) value of the steady-state ATPase reaction. The rate constant of the P(i) off step is greater than 60 s(-1), suggesting that this step does not limit the overall ATP hydrolysis cycle rate. Our kinetic model indicates that phosphorylation induces the dissociation of huM3AMD from actin during the ATP hydrolysis cycle, and this is due to the phosphorylation-dependent marked decrease in the affinity of huM3AMD.ATP for actin and the increase in the ATP hydrolysis rate of huM3AMD in the actin-dissociated state. These results suggest that the phosphorylation of myosin IIIA significantly lowers the duty ratio, which may influence the cargo transporting ability of the native form of myosin IIIA that contains the ATP-independent actin binding site in the tail.

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