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Europace. 2010 May;12(5):708-13. doi: 10.1093/europace/euq047. Epub 2010 Feb 27.

Combined dyssynchrony and scar imaging with cardiac magnetic resonance imaging predicts clinical response and long-term prognosis following cardiac resynchronization therapy.

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  • 1Alfred Hospital Heart Centre, Baker IDI Heart and Diabetes Research Institute, Commercial Road, Melbourne, VIC 3004, Australia.



Cardiac resynchronization therapy (CRT) is advocated in advanced heart failure; however, patient selection remains challenging. We examined the utility of multi-sequential cardiac magnetic resonance imaging (CMR) in predicting outcome after CRT.


We performed multi-sequential CMR on 40 subjects with cardiomyopathy and advanced heart failure, despite optimized medical therapy. All patients had been recommended for CRT according to accepted clinical guidelines. Patients were defined by CMR as likely responders if they had significant mechanical dyssynchrony (> or =65 ms delay between septal and posterolateral wall contraction on cine imaging), and no transmural scarring of the anteroseptal or posterolateral wall on delayed contrast-enhanced imaging. Clinical composite score was recorded at baseline and 6 months post-CRT. Long-term follow-up (transplant-free survival) was 497 +/- 55 days post-CRT. A clinical response was achieved in 19/26 (73%) of the CMR-predicted responders and 2/12 (17%) of the CMR-predicted non-responders (P < 0.01, chi(2)). The sensitivity of CMR for prediction of clinical response to CRT was 90%, with a specificity of 59%. Transplant-free survival post-CRT was achieved in 88% of the CMR-predicted responders and 58% of the CMR-predicted non-responders (P < 0.05, Kaplan-Meier survival analysis).


Multi-sequential CMR identifies patients with severe cardiomyopathy who will respond to CRT with a favourable long-term prognosis.

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