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RNA. 2010 Apr;16(4):667-72. doi: 10.1261/rna.1981010. Epub 2010 Feb 25.

RNase R is a highly unstable protein regulated by growth phase and stress.

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  • 1Department of Biochemistry and Molecular Biology, Miller School of Medicine, University of Miami, Miami, Florida 33101, USA.

Abstract

RNase R is an important exoribonuclease that participates in the degradation of structured RNAs in Escherichia coli. In earlier work, it was shown that RNase R levels increase dramatically under certain stress conditions, particularly during cold shock and stationary phase. However, the regulatory processes that lead to this elevation are not well understood. We show here that the increase in RNase R in stationary phase is unaffected by the global regulators, RpoS and (p)ppGpp, and that it occurs despite a major reduction in rnr message. Rather, we find that RNase R is a highly unstable protein in exponential phase, with a half-life of approximately 10 min, and that the protein is stabilized in stationary phase, leading to its relative increase. RNase R is also stabilized during cold shock and by growth in minimal medium, two other conditions that lead to its elevation. These data demonstrate that RNase R is subject to regulation by a novel, posttranslational mechanism that may have important implications for our complete understanding of RNA metabolism.

PMID:
20185542
[PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE]
PMCID:
PMC2844616
Free PMC Article

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