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J Hepatol. 2010 Apr;52(4):493-500. doi: 10.1016/j.jhep.2010.01.012. Epub 2010 Feb 4.

Antiviral effect of entecavir in chronic hepatitis B: influence of prior exposure to nucleos(t)ide analogues.

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  • 1Department of Gastroenterology and Hepatology, Erasmus MC, University Medical Center Rotterdam, Gravendijkwal 230, Room Ha 204, Rotterdam, The Netherlands.

Abstract

BACKGROUND & AIMS:

Entecavir is a potent inhibitor of viral replication in nucleos(t)ide analogue (NA)-naïve chronic hepatitis B patients, but data on the efficacy in NA-experienced subjects are limited.

METHODS:

In a multi-center cohort study we investigated 161 chronic hepatitis B patients (34% NA-experienced) treated with entecavir monotherapy.

RESULTS:

During a median follow-up of 11 (3-23)months, 82 (79%) of 104 NA-naïve patients achieved virologic response (VR), defined as HBV DNA <80IU/ml, and none of the patients (0%) developed genotypic entecavir-resistance. VR was demonstrated in 31 (54%) of 57 NA-experienced patients during a median follow-up of 12 (3-31)months. Patients with lamivudine-resistant mutations at the start of entecavir monotherapy had a reduced probability of achieving VR compared to lamivudine-naïve patients (HR 0.14; 95% CI 0.04-0.58; p=0.007). Antiviral efficacy was not decreased by prior treatment with lamivudine when lamivudine-resistance had never developed (HR 0.81; 95% CI 0.43-1.52; p=0.52). Prior adefovir therapy without development of adefovir-resistance (HR 0.84; 95% CI 0.43-1.64; p=0.61) and presence of adefovir-resistance (HR 0.86; 95% CI 0.27-2.71; p=0.80) did not influence antiviral response to entecavir. Switching to a tenofovir-containing treatment regimen resulted in viral load decline in patients with entecavir-resistance associated mutations.

CONCLUSIONS:

Entecavir proved to be efficacious in NA-naïve patients. The antiviral efficacy of entecavir was not influenced by prior treatment with adefovir or presence of adefovir-resistance. Entecavir should not be used in patients with previous lamivudine-resistance, yet it may still be an option in lamivudine-experienced patients in case lamivudine-resistance never developed.

PMID:
20185191
[PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE]
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